Pepper is usually called pepper, also known as the Ancient Moon, Black Moon Crescent, white-lunar crescent, the white birch is the nearly ripe fruit of drying or dried pepper, used as the first drug in the Book of remodeling manuscripts. The plant name is Piper Nigrum L. Of the Pepper Family (Piperaceae). Pepper trees are cultivated everywhere from south to north in most provinces of Chau Doc, ha Tien, Ba Ria, Quang Tri. Other countries have many pepper plantations such as Thailand, Malaixia, Indonexia, India, Cambodia, Hainan Island (China).
Pepper is a climbing wire, long body, smooth without hair, cling to other plants by roots. The body grows with leaves. Leaves as betel leaves, but longer and more elongated. There are two types of branches: A fruit Bearing branch, and a nutrient branch, both branches are from the interstitial. Collation with leaves is a cluster of squirrel-shaped flowers. When ripe, fall both beam. The fruit is small, about 20-30 fruit on a beam, at first green, after being yellow, when ripe in red. From this fruit, it is possible to harvest white pepper, red pepper, green pepper and black pepper. Burn the tree very well, when transported if not close to the kidney, the tree can die. The fruit has a single particle.
Pepper is also rich in vitamin C, even more than tomato. One half cup green pepper, yellow or red will provide up to 230% calcium Demand 1 day/1 person. In Pepper there are 1.2-2% essential oil, 5-9% Piperin and 2.2-6% chanvixin. Piperin and Chanvixin are two types of ankaloite that make pepper taste spicy. In the pepper there are 8% fat, 36% starch and 4% ash.
According to traditional medicine, pepper has a spicy taste, heat, has a digestive stimulating effect, helps warm the abdomen, relieve pain, antiemetic. Black pepper is used to cure the weld because it diaphoretic, dissolve cold air outside and warm the belly, increasing the heat in. (White pepper) specialized in diarrhoea, cholera, has a bactericidal effect.
In China, Pepper is made into high paste to cure hen. Indians use pepper to cure cholera, strengthen the body’s health after fever and prevention of malaria.
Indonesian pepper is used as a component of some tonic drugs, painkillers for postparlay women. In Nepan, the pepper is coordinated with many other flavors to treat colds, flu, indigestion, arthritis.
In addition to having a medicinal effect, pepper is also used as a spice in cooking, shredting or leaving the whole fruit, the dish will add more attractive, rounded flavor.
Pepper or dried black pepper is called black pepper. If a few days soak the water for a few day, the dried peel is white, called white pepper (skull pepper).